Homonymy in modern Khmer
According to the change of words’ meanings, it causes some words to have one meaning and we confuse in using, and understanding, so we choose this problem and note on the topic “homonymy in modern Khmer”. In this research, we will consider about a word which has two meanings or more than. We will solve the problem with such question: how can we know whether it is a word or it is two different words? Can we separate between the pure homonym and polysemy? Can we use formal criteria in the homonymy? In the previous research, our researchers studied it depending on the semantic criteria but we want both semantic and formal criteria. We mostly study it depending on the semantic criteria and a little bit formal criteria.
Ours dissertation covers fours chapters. In the first chapter, we note something about the problem of homonymy and its relation. We also examine on the different definitions and terminology as well as the source, the cause, and the homonymization of homonymy.
In the second chapter, we study about the category of the homonymy. According to the word, we divide this section into three parts: part one we study about homophone and homophony; part two we study about homograph; part three we study about homonym. Its three parts contains words, words phrase and sentences.
In the third chapter, we study about the criteria of the homonymy. In this section, we mention about a word has two meanings or has two different words. For corresponding to this problem, we use semantic, morphology, original word, intonation, syntaxes and context to solve some words but not to solve all.
In the fourth chapter, we study about homonymy and syntax problem. This section covers the problem of grammatical lexicon and syntax problem.
Finally, we suggest that homonymy in modern Khmer language is the same homonymy in other languages. Its phenomena must come on all languages. If we don’t stop it, it will cause the ton in Khmer language because words have to serve something which present in the society.
By Mr.Gnourn Samol, Master Thesis of Linguistics, 2006.